Surveying

surveying parking lot meck tech selinsgrove pa

Meck-Tech, Inc. has been providing professional land surveying services since our inception as Survey Services, Inc. in 1971.  We have provided property subdivision for simple lot add-ons and one acre cut-outs off of a farm. We have also completed large residential developer subdivisions like the 255 lot subdivision for Fine Line Homes in the Monroe Manor II development in Monroe Township, Snyder County, PA.

Modern subdivisions require extensive review of local ordinances during the design of the subdivision.  Subdivided lots must meet local zoning requirements for size, configuration, building setbacks, access to public streets and right-of-ways, parking, and signage.  Meck-Tech, Inc. has been preparing subdivisions for 43 years, and understands local ordinances and state laws that steer how a property can and cannot be subdivided.  We have worked with many of the municipalities and counties in the area, and we know what they look for when they are reviewing plans.

Another service we provide is the completion of elevation certificates.  Also commonly known as flood certificates, elevation certificates have become an important commodity recently for those who own structures in the 100-year floodplain.  The Biggert-Waters Flood Insurance Reform Act of 2012 went into effect on October 1, 2013.  As a result property owners with structures in the floodplain will need an elevation certificate completed to establish their flood insurance rates, or else full-risk will be assumed by FEMA.

We have been completing elevation certificates since Flood Insurance Rate Mapping was created in the 1970’s after Hurricane Agnes devastated this part of the country.  As a result of the Biggert-Waters Act, flood insurance premiums have been skyrocketing. We have committed to prioritizing the completion of all elevation certificate requests we receive.  We have been completing them in two weeks or less.

We have provided construction stakeout surveying to municipal governments and contractors for all kinds of capital improvement projects.  Whether it is a new underground utility, or building corners for new building construction, we provide construction stakeout surveying that is appropriate for the task at hand, and is convenient for the contractor to work with.

Boundary and ALTA Surveys are other vital services we provide.  Boundary surveys can be very complex.  First, we must complete courthouse research (this can often be done online) of the subject property and all surrounding properties.  Then we plot all the deeds in CADD, and create a mosaic, jigsaw puzzle of the properties and determine a best-fit layout using surveying protocol to establish property corners that may be missing or in question.  Finally, we prepare a deed plot for the client and set any corner pins that may be required.

ALTA surveys are frequently required for commercial sale of property.  There are national standards that establish what information must be shown on an ALTA survey.  The intent of the survey is to assist in establishing a clear title to the property in question.  We have completed dozens of ALTA surveys.  Some of the most notable ones include the coal-fired steam electric plant formerly owned by PPL Electric Utilities in Shamokin Dam, and the Susquehanna Valley Mall property and Monroe Marketplace in Monroe Township, Snyder County, PA

Elevation Certificates

A community’s permit file must have an official record that shows new buildings and substantial improvements in all identified Special Flood Hazard Areas (SFHAs) are properly elevated. This elevation information is needed to show compliance with the floodplain management ordinance. FEMA encourages communities to use the Elevation Certificate developed by FEMA to fulfill this requirement since it also can be used by the property owner to obtain flood insurance. Communities participating in the Community Rating System (CRS) are required to use the FEMA Elevation Certificate.

Description Source: FEMA Website

Topographic / Base Plan Development

Topographic maps are based on topographical surveys. Performed at large scales, these surveys are called topographical in the old sense of topography, showing a variety of elevations and landforms. This is in contrast to older cadastral surveys, which primarily show property and governmental boundaries. The first multi-sheet topographic map series of an entire country, the Carte géométrique de la France, was completed in 1789.

As they evolved, topographic map series became a national resource in modern nations in planning infrastructure and resource exploitation. In the United States, the national map-making function which had been shared by both the Army Corps of Engineers and the Department of the Interior migrated to the newly created United States Geological Survey in 1879, where it has remained since.

Definition Source: Wikipedia

Boundary

Boundary Surveying is the detailed study or inspection, as by gathering information through observations, measurements in the field, questionnaires, or research of legal instruments, and data analysis in the support of planning, designing, and establishing of property boundaries. It involves the re-establishment of cadastral surveys and land boundaries based on documents of record and historical evidence, as well as the certifyication surveying (as required by statute or local ordinance) of subdivision plats or maps, registered land surveys, judicial surveys, and space delineation.

Definition Source: Wikipedia

ALTA

An ALTA survey is a boundary survey prepared to a set of minimum standards that have been jointly prepared and adopted by the ALTA/ACSM. Additionally, an ALTA survey shows improvements, easements, rights-of-way, and other elements impacting the ownership of land.

An ALTA Survey is often prepared for commercial properties, as it will provide the title company with the information required to insure the title to the land and improvements to the high degree that a commercial development may require. In addition to the minimum standards set forth, a table of optional elements is included in the ALTA/ACSM standards. A careful review of the elements from the optional “Table A” is helpful in delineating a clear scope of the land surveyor’s services.

A current title commitment is required before an ALTA Survey can be completed. The surveyor will refer to the title commitment for the legal description of the property and for the legal description of any encumbrances (exceptions). Areas of ownership, improvements, and encumbrances will be shown graphically. If the survey discovers any encroachments, they should be shown graphically, and a note indicating the nature of the encroachment may also be added.

Definition Source: Wikipedia

Construction Stakeout

Construction surveying (otherwise known as “lay-out” or “setting-out”) is to stake out reference points and markers that will guide the construction of new structures such as roads or buildings. These markers are usually staked out according to a suitable coordinate system selected for the project.

In the case of roads or other linear infrastructure, a chainage (derived from Gunter’s Chain – 1 chain is equal to 66 feet or 100 links) will be established, often to correspond with the center line of the road or pipeline. During construction, structures would then be located in terms of chainage, offset and elevation. Offset is said to be “left” or “right” relative to someone standing on the chainage line who is looking in the direction of increasing chainage.

In the case of buildings, an arbitrary system of grids is often established so as to correspond to the rows of columns and the major load-bearing walls of the building. The grids may be identified alphabetically in one direction, and numerically in the other direction (as in a road map). The grids are usually but not necessarily perpendicular, and are often but not necessarily evenly spaced. Floors and basement levels are also numbered. Structures, equipment or architectural details may be located in reference to the floor and the nearest intersection of the arbitrary axes.

Definition Source: Wikipedia

Project Management

Project engineers are project managers with qualifications in engineering or construction management. Other titles include field engineer, construction engineer, or construction project engineer. In smaller projects, this person may also be responsible for contracts and will be called an assistant project manager. A similar role is undertaken by a client’s engineer or owner’s engineer, but by inference, these often act more in the interests of the commissioning company.

Typical responsibilities may include: daily operations of field work activities and organization of subcontractors; coordination of the implementation of a project, ensuring it is being built correctly; project schedules and forecasts; interpretation of drawings for tradesmen; review of engineering deliverables; redlining drawings; regular project status reports; budget monitoring and trend tracking; bill of materials creation and maintenance; effective communications between engineering, technical, construction, and project controls groups; and assistance to the project manager.

 

Definition Source: Wikipedia